which term indicates the ability of a test to measure what it is actually designed to measure? This is a topic that many people are looking for. voteyesons.org is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, voteyesons.org would like to introduce to you Assess Vocabulary with Cloze Passages. Following along are instructions in the video below:
Teaching students a new concept. Its time to assess their overall understanding and comprehension. Comprehension.
When this includes a heavy dose of new vocabulary utilizing. A cloze strategy with z is one of my favorites. At first glance.
A cloze passage may appear to be a simple fill in the blank. However if you follow particular parameters you can develop a powerful vocabulary assessment tool first let me be clear as to when i propose using a cloze passage. I use it after learning as a vocabulary assessment.
Otherwise youre going to just have kids arbitrarily plucking words and filling in blanks guessing as to what you want so. Lets assume youve studied a concept for example organisms in science. And youre ready to wrap up the unit of study and give some kind of an assessment.
One of the things you really want to measure is students understanding of essential vocabulary. So you want to try a cloze passage. The first step is to make a list of the key terms that you expect students would have mastered during this unit on organisms then generate a summary of the content covered and use those words those domain specific terms within.
The summary such a summary might look and sound like this and that leads to step three. Where you then strikethrough the terms. You expect students to be able to fill in so.
The whole concept of a cloze strategy is that students can insert the missing words within the context of that paragraph. However dont think that after these three simple steps youre good to go. This is a pretty common mistake that teachers sometimes make you have to plan to revise that first draft you see the secret to a well written cloze.
Passage is the use of context clues with this being the first draft. What youre going to want to do is insert information before and after each of those blanks to provide students. Some helpful hints remember you wrote a simple summary of content.
But you didnt really embellish. Elaborate and develop each of the ideas you were just talking globally well if we want students to really think through what fits in the context of this passage. Then you have to provide them some context.
Otherwise theyre just playing guess what the teacher wants and fill in the blank. So step four of creating a cloze passage assessment is to go back and insert in synonyms and examples and other helpful clues so for example using our organisms. Passage here my original sentence was organisms compete for the resources they need to survive when living in the same ecosystem.
Okay wait a minute its really hard when you put two blanks in one sentence. So you might break that up and hey if resources is what were trying to get kids to infer. Then lets give some examples of resources in the adjacent sentence organisms compete for the they need to survive.
These include air water food and space. Now if were also trying to get them to understand ecosystem. Then what about some synonyms community habitat ecosystem.
Putting all three of those with one being a blank in a row. That is a context clue when making your revisions to your initial summary you want to remember what we teach students about inferring context. Clues as readers we tell them to look for helpful information details definitions examples and to look.
Before the unfamiliar word. And after the unfamiliar word. Thats how authors help you figure out an unfamiliar word.
So in the revision. We have to do that as well the final step is to rewrite the whole summary adding in those extra context. Clues details and add a title as that helps kids with main idea and kind of get their thinking started and finally delete those vocab terms to create the blanks that the students have to fill in within the print version of this video article youll find a list of additional tips for how to differentiate a cloze passage for younger students ells and those with special needs.
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